TUESDAY USE OF NATURAL EXPERIMENTS GETS ECONOMICS NOBEL PRIZE 12 epaper.morningstandard.in Economists use natural experiments to study the world, unlike in medicine or other sciences, where controlled trials are conducted. The late Alan Krueger, who worked with Card on some of the research that won the Nobel, served as chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers for former US President Barack Obama facebook.com/TheMorningStandard twitter.com/TheMornStandard COVID FIGHT GENOME PROJECT GETS BOOST NCDC head says private labs meeting criteria get nod to join the project PAGE 7 Award honours research method that helps draw precise conclusions on cause & effect in real world INFLUENCING U.S. GOVT DECISION-MAKING OCTOBER, 2021 A CAPITAL VIEW OF NEWS NEW DELHI J8.00 PAGES 12 GUIDO IMBENS JOSHUA ANGRIST DAVID CARD RESEARCH UPENDED CONVENTIONAL WISDOM Card was feted for showing that a rise in minimum wage does not lead to less hiring and immigrants do not lower pay for native-born workers. Angrist and Imbens got recognition for creating a framework to study these types of societal issues 5 soldiers killed in Poonch gunfight India and China blame each other for failure of LAC talks Two terrorists gunned down in encounters in Kashmir’s Anantnag and Bandipora districts winder Singh from Punjab, Naik Mandeep Singh and SeA Junior Commissioned Offic- poy Gajjan Singh (both also er (JCO) and four soldiers were from Punjab), Sepoy Saraj killed in a fierce gunfight with Singh (Uttar Pradesh) and Vaimilitants in the Surankote area sakh H (Kerala). of Poonch in Jammu and KashAdditional troops were mir on Monday Violence in the rushed to the area to assist the . Valley has escalated last week security men in the combing with the killing of as operation. Sources m a n y a s s e v e n Parliamentary said security forces civilians. engaged with the outreach On Monday mornmilitants in the fori n g , t h e A r m y Lok Sabha Speaker est area of Bhangai Om Birla has launched a cordon village in the neighinvited Pakistan and search operation bouring Rajouri disSenate Chairman in a village close to trict in the evening. Sadiq Sanjrani to Dera Ki Gali in More troops have visit India for the Surankote based on been rushed to the centenary intelligence inputs, area to tighten the an army official said. celebrations of the siege. Sources said a Public Accounts During the operagroup of two-four Committee of tion, a gunfight broke militants are trapped out after militants India’s parliament in the area and it is fired automatic weapsuspected that they ons at the army’s search party may have infiltrated from . Five soldiers, including the across the border. JCO, were critically injured On Monday, three other enand evacuated to a military counters took place between hospital, where they died of militants and forces, resulting their injuries. in the deaths of two militants The deceased soldiers were in Anantnag and Bandipora P8 identified as Naib Subedar Jas- districts of Kashmir. F AYA Z W A N I @ Srinagar M AYA N K S I N G H @ New Delhi Naib Subedar Naik Mandeep Jaswinder Singh Singh Sepoy Gajjan Singh Sepoy Saraj Singh Sepoy Vaishakh H TERSE statements from India and China on Monday on the outcome of the Corps Commander-level meeting the previous day to resolve the standoff in the remaining areas along the Line of Actual Control (LAC), indicated the talks had run into rough weather. Issuing statements independently India pointed to Chinese , disagreement with its “constructive suggestions”. For its part, China said India “persisted in its unreasonable and unrealistic demands”. In the past, both sides had issued joint statements after such interactions. The Indian Army said that STINK Security forces at the encounter site in Surankote area of Poonch district | PTI ILLEGAL DUMPING OF GARBAGE during Sunday’s meeting, it made “constructive suggestions for resolving the remaining areas but the Chinese side was not agreeable and also could not provide any forwardlooking proposals. The meeting thus did not result in resolution of the remaining areas.” Chinese Senior Colonel Long Shaohua, spokesperson for the Western Theater Command of the People’s Liberation Army said: “The Chi, nese side made great efforts to promote the easing and cooling of the border situation and fully demonstrated China’s sincerity of maintaining overall interests of bilateral military relations. However, the Indian side still persisted in its unreasonable and unrealistic demands, which added difficulties to the negotiations.” The meeting was held at the Moldo-Chushul border point on the Chinese side. The discussions revolved around resolution of the remaining issues along the LAC. Sources said some agreement on the resolution of the stand-off at Hot Spring and forward movement on the situation at Depsang and Demchok was expected, but the talks failed. The Corps Commanders talks had been amicable till the 12th round on July 31. Nearly half of complaints received in Delhi govt’s app pertains to dumping of garbage on roadsides. The next most common problem is potholes on roads | P4 Shillong Sikhs relieved as NCM vetoes relocation plan POLLS Coal situation across India stays grim, Amit Shah takes stock GAIN SOME, E X P R ESS N E WS S E RV I C E @ New Delhi WIN SOME While former NC leaders Devender Rana and Surjit Singh Salathia join BJP giving a boost to the party in J&K, Congress gets a fillip in Uttarakhand as Yashpal Arya and his MLA son return home PAGE 7 AMID concerns over power cuts across India because of inadequate coal supply at generation units, Union Home Minister Amit Shah on Monday met both coal and power ministers to take stock of the situation. Besides power minister R K Singh and coal minister Pralhad Joshi, top officials of the ministries and senior officials from the state-run energy conglomerate NTPC Ltd, attended the hour-long meeting. While the ministry of coal sought to allay fears of disruption in power supply the latest , daily report of the Central Electric Authority said as many as 115 of the 135 thermal power plants in the country are on coal stocks of less than a week. As many as 96 of these plants that generate 71% of total thermal power have coal stocks of four days or less (see table). Depending on the distance of the power plant (from the coal mines) and the kind of coal — pithead or non-pithead — it uses, a comfortable stock would last for 15-30 days. The stock is considered critical if it is likely to last for seven days or less; and super critical if it will be exhausted in four days or less. On Friday last, the number of power plants with critical or super-critical coal stocks was 110. Reports from across the country confirmed the grim picture. Delhi’s thermal units barely have stock for two-three days, claimed power minister Satyendar Jain. Karnataka has just two days COSTLY ENERGY Sourcing energy from the national exchange costs a bomb but many states are dipping into it to avoid power cuts. Its per unit cost has shot up from `5-8 per unit earlier to `12-15 per unit now MINISTER’S SON IN UP POLICE REMAND FOR INTERROGATION N A M I TA B A J PA I @ Lucknow ASHISH Mishra, the son of Union Minister of State for Home Ajay Mishra and the main accused in the Lakhimpur Kheri violence case, was on Monday sent to three-day police custody till October 15. The Special Investigation Team had sought a 14-day police remand from a local court for further interrogation, indicating Ashish would not be treated with kidgloves. While giving Ashish’s custody to the police, the Chief Judi- Policemen outside the court in Lakhimpur Kheri during the remand hearing | PTI cial Magistrate (CJM) Chinta Ram stated that his medical sisting the SIT. The local police check-up would be done every and the SIT have also collected time he was taken out for inter- some of the CCTVs which are By not sacking this minister, the BJP rogation by the SIT, there would being scanned by the experts. be no torture or coercion by the A source privy to the investi- is obstructing the process of justice. police during interrogation gation said the videos fur- The central government neither cares about farmers nor about the BJP and his advocate would nished by Ashish in his workers who have been killed be allowed to watch him defence to establish his from a distance during whereabouts elsewhere Rahul Gandhi, Congress MP the interrogation. on October 3 were shot Ashish was first rearound 4 pm, whereas Farmers to attend last manded in 14-day judithe violence occurred prayers of victims cial custody after he about 3.15 pm. was arrested late on In another develop- The Congress said Priyanka Ashish Mishra Saturday night followment, the BJP appeared Gandhi Vadra would attend the ‘antim ardas’ of the farmers ing 12 hours of questo be distancing itself tioning over the violence on from Ashish, with a video killed, but a BKU member asserted no politician will be allowed. October 3, which had claimed showing the party’s UP chief eight lives. Swatantra Dev Singh telling The antim ardas is expected to be Meanwhile, a forensic team the cadre that “leadership attended by farmers from Punjab, has been dispatched for recre- doesn’t mean mowing down Haryana, UP and farmer leaders, including Rakesh Tikait. P8 ating the crime scene and as- people by your vehicle.” of coal stock left, with barely 12 rakes, each having up to 4,000 metric tonnes of coal. As on 6.30 pm on Monday the Raichur , Thermal Power Station produced just 444 MW against a capacity of 1,720 MW from three grids; Ballari TPS 395 MW against a capacity of 1,700 MW; and Yeramarus TPS 678 MW though its installed capacity is 1,600 MW. Also, two coalbased plants have been shut for two-and-a-half months as coal could not be imported. However, hydro plants managed to address the need for now. In Rajasthan, Monday was the 11th successive day of blackouts. The state has an overall shortfall of about 2,450 MW, though coal stock has improved a bit with generation commencing in a few plants that were forced to go idle. Punjab has a shortfall of 1,000 MW per day as many thermal units are shut or working CONTINUED ON P7 at 50%. COAL SUPPLY STATUS 165 GW Stock in days No. of (Critical/ Thermal Super Critical) Plants CAPACITY Capacity (MW) 0 day 1 day 2 days 3 days 4 days 5 days 6 days 17 26 22 18 13 11 8 TOTAL India has 135 coallinkage based thermal power plants with total installed capacity of 165 GW 16,430 4,930 27,325 24,094 15,210 10,775 11,450 115 1,40,214 EXPRESS READ Adani Port not to handle container cargo from Iran, Pak, Afghanistan Ahmedabad: Adani Ports and SEZ Ltd, which operates Mundra Port, said it would not handle containerised cargo originating from Iran, Pakistan and Afghanistan at its terminals from November 15. The decision comes nearly a month after the seizure of 2,988 kg of heroin at Mundra Port. In a “trade advisory”, it said the decision is applicable to all terminals operated by APSEZ across India. “Please be informed that with effect from November 15, APSEZ will not handle EXIM containerised cargo originating from Iran, Pakistan and Afghanistan.” WHO experts recommend extra vaccine jab for immunocompromised Geneva: The World Health Organisation’s vaccine advisers on Monday recommended people with weaker immune systems should be offered an additional dose of all authorised Covid vaccines. The UN health agency’s Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on Immunisation (SAGE) also said over-60s who have been fully immunised with China’s Sinovac and Sinopharm vaccine should be offered an additional third vaccine dose. The experts stressed they were not recommending an additional so-called booster dose for the population at large. EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE @ Guwahati THE Sikhs of Shillong are relieved that the National Commission for Minorities (NCM) has vetoed the Meghalaya government’s decision to relocate the residents of the hill station’s Harijan Colony . The Commission directed the government to maintain status quo in the matter, as ordered by the High Court of Meghalaya twice earlier, and furnish a detailed report. The NCM directive was based on suo motu cognisance of media reports on the government’s decision to shift the employees of Shillong Municipal Board and other departments from Harijan Colony and find an alternative location for the “illegal settlers”. “The HC had ordered maintenance of status quo. The matter is also under the consideration of the Supreme Court. But, the Conrad Sangma government ignored these and announced to take possession of the 2.5 acres of land within a week,” said Gurjit Singh, secretary of the Harijan Panchayat Committee. He said the NCM had directed the state government to furnish the “full records” on October 15. Taking cognisance of the report of a government-appointed high-level committee, the National Commission for Scheduled Castes had also decided to probe the matter and sought detailed information from the government, failing which its representatives would be summoned, Singh added. The government’s decision on the relocation was based on the high-level committee’s report. FIRST OF ITS KIND Nothing fishy about this! Aquarium in subway G AYAT H R I M A N I @ New Delhi PEDESTRIANS, especially women, often avoid taking the subways in Delhi. That’s where anti-social elements hang around. But this will soon change. The Public Works Department (PWD) is planning an ‘aquarium-themed pedestrian underpass’ in the Rohini area. It will be the first of its kind project in the country . According to sources, this pedestrian crossing has been planned as part of Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal’s ambitious project of ‘street-scaping, redeveloping and beautification of roads’. The proposal has already been tabled and approved. PWD AQUARIUM-THEMED PEDESTRIAN UNDERPASS IN ROHINI AREA Glass walls, LED screens, laser lights, decorative lamps Size: 25 to 30 feet in depth Budget: C2 crore (approx) Completion: 6 months to 1 year may rope in a foreign company for executing the project. This will the first tunnel in India with a depth of 25 to 30 feet for crossing roads. “If the government does not accord approval for constructing a new tunnel, the PWD will implement the project in an already existing subway said a source. ,” The ocean blue coloured pedestrian subway will be ‘U’ shaped, with glass walls and different types of fish swimming on all the sides of the wall. “The company selected for the project will look after its maintenance. A security guard and an aquarium expert will be deployed for maintenance. The subway will have LED screens displaying messages saying ‘don’t drink and drive’, ‘follow traffic rules while crossing roads’, weather, temperature and other messages for the public,” said a source. Sources said the PWD is also planning to create street furniture, cycle tracks, plantation of unique plants to beautify the area. “This will be implement- ed on a pilot basis. After receiving the result, this will be implemented in other subways to create a sense of safety for the pedestrians after sunset,” a senior PWD official said. “Currently, 50 per cent of the subways are underutilised due to the presence of anti-social elements like drug addicts, pickpockets and thieves...Earlier, we planned to open shops in the subways. They were opened at some places but the project was not successful.” The aquarium plan is estimated to cost `2 crore and is expected to be ready by the end of 2022. Currently, the PWD is redeveloping two stretches — Netaji Subhash Place to Rithala and Road Number 43, Rohini.
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