THURSDAY 08 JULY, 2021 epaper.morningstandard.in facebook.com/TheMorningStandard twitter.com/TheMornStandard EYE CARE Increased use of smartphones may damage vision of schoolchildren A CAPITAL VIEW OF NEWS PAGE 4 NEW DELHI J8.00 AMIT BANDRE MYOPIA DUE TO ONLINE CLASSES? PAGES 12 DILIP KUMAR (MUHAMMED YUSUF KHAN ) 11 DECEMBER 1922 7 JULY 2021 SHILAJIT MITRA W E fell, head first, for Dilip Kumar’s smile. There’s Dilip, leaping up a window in Azaad (1955). In Kohinoor (1960), he’s a gently grinning prince stuck on Meena Kumari. His prankish nature is well documented by friends and colleagues. There’s nary a public photo of him without that trademark smile. ‘Tragedy King’ is a moniker best suited for history books. Dilip Kumar, who passed away at 98 in Mumbai after a prolonged illness, never missed a good laugh. To understand the Dilip Kumar story is to get a guided tour of the subcontinent’s past. He was born Mohammed Yusuf Khan in Peshawar in British India. In the 1930s, his family relocated to Bombay where his father set up a , fruit export business. Though Bombay would forever be Dilip Kumar’s city he also lived in Deo, lali and Pune for a while. His career, meanwhile, trailed past the confines of the Hindi film industry He shot a number of his films . in Chennai, and moved to Kurseong for the 1970 Bengali film Sagina Mahato. Known for his acute, realistic performances, Dilip Kumar is credited for introducing method acting in Indian cinema. He went to incredible lengths to inhabit a character psychologically. His naturalistic style created a fascinating friction with the era-de- A conjurer of tears and smiles fining films he starred in. It’s startling, even now, to watch him refuse to chew up scenery in Mughal-E-Azam, or go irredeemably over-the-top in Ram Aur Shyam or Aan. “I never think of a character as a different person,” he told BBC Hindi. “If I’m offered a character aged 30, but the script doesn’t have the data for the 29 years of his life, I try to fill that in within the framework of the story…” As with any great star, Dilip Kumar’s legacy is inextricably tied up with other legends of his time. He was given his screen name by Devika Rani, the Bombay Talkies-head who offered him his first acting job (he debuted with Jwar Bhata in 1944). Since his family was close to the Kapoor clan, he formed a lasting friendship with Raj Kapoor, attending Khalsa College together and later collaborating in the 1949 romance Andaz. In a career spanning six decades, he rarely repeated directors, but when he did it was nothing short of event. Three of his best films – Devdas, Yahudi, Madhumati – were with Bimal Roy Mehboob Khan punc. tuated the triangular romances of Andaz and Amar with the swashbuckling Aan. Late in his career, he became a favourite of Subhash Ghai, appearing in blistering blockbusters like Karma and Saudagar. Equally iconic were his collaborations with some of the greatest female leads of Indian cinema. Given their contrasting onscreen personas, he was paired regularly with Vyjayanthimala— their natural chemistry and funny banter, a battle half won for nervy producers. CONTINUED ON P8 MAJOR CLEAN-UP IN MEGA SHAKE-UP Biggies like Javadekar, Prasad among 12 sacked; seven promoted to Cabinet rank; 43 take oath of office; Rijiju gets law, Mandaviya health, Scindia civil aviation ELEVATED TO CABINET Kiren Rijiju Raj Kumar Singh FRESH IN MODI CABINET Bhupender Yadav Jyotiraditya Scindia Narayan Tatu Rane Sarbananda Sonowal Ramchandra Prasad Singh Ashwini Vaishnaw Dr Virendra Kumar Pashupati Kumar Paras AXED Hardeep Singh Puri President Ram Nath Kovind (right) and Prime Minister Narendra Modi with the newly-inducted ministers at Rashtrapati Bhavan M A N I S H A N A N D @ New Delhi AIMING to do an image makeover and making the party poll ready with ample representation from the weaker sections of the society, Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Wednesday carried out a major shake-up of his council of ministers. The adverse impact of Covid-19 apparently led to the culling of 12 ministers, including biggles like Dr Harsh Vardhan, Ravi Shankar Prasad and Prakash Javadekar. With the government being hauled over the coals by an aggressive higher judiciary during the Covid second wave, Prasad lost his place in the new Cabinet. The new law minister is Kiren Rijiju, who has been elevated to Cabinet rank. Javadekar was seen as not having delivered as the first spokesperson of the Centre in his role as minister for information and broadcasting. The new I&B minister is Anurag Thakur, who has also been given Cabinet rank. Vardhan, in the firing line for not anticipating the Covid second wave, lost his health portfolio to Mansukh Mandaviya, who who had been actively arranging medicines for Covid patients. The axe also fell on Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ (education goes to Dharmendra Pradhan), Sadananda Gowda (chemicals and fertilizers with Mandaviya as added responsibility) and six ministers of states, which included Santosh Kumar Gangwar and Babul Supriyo. Others who were elevated to Cabinet rank were Hardeep Puri, EXPRESS READ SC asks Centre, states to file CIC & SIC reports New Delhi: The Supreme Court on Wednesday directed the Centre and states to file status reports on compliance with its 2019 verdict on time-bound filling up of posts of Information Commissioners at CIC and State Information Commissions under the Right to Information Act. The Centre and states have been given four weeks to furnish details of vacancies. YOUNGEST EVER TEAM PICKED SO FAR With an average age of 56, the new team is the youngest ever Modi has led so far. The youngest is first time Lok Sabha member from Cooch Behar Nisith Pramanik (35) while the eldest is 69. The other young ministers are Shantanu Thakur (38), Anupriya Patel (40), Bharati Pawar (42) and John Barla (45) SEVEN FORMER BABUS IN MODI’S CABINET The new team has 27 members representing the Other Backward Classes, 12 Scheduled Caste and eight Scheduled Tribe ministers. It also has a Muslim, Christian and Sikh each and two Buddhists. As for professionals, it has three lawyers, six doctors, five engineers and seven former civil servants G Kishen Reddy, R K Singh and Puroshottam Rupala. In all, 43 ministers took oath of office. The first was Narayan Rane as Cabinet minister, which indicated the party is not looking to win back the Shiv Sena in Maharashtra, and will go it alone in the next Assembly polls while expanding its support base in the Konkan region. He will hold the MSME portfolio. As expected, former CM of Assam Sarbananda Sonowal and the architect of the BJP government in Madhya Pradesh, Jyotiraditya Scindia got Cabinet rank. Scindia is the new minister for civil aviation. Interestingly, his JAB-O-METER TAKE YOUR SHOT July 6 30,42,302 doses July 7 31,04,426 doses TOTAL DOSES: 36,45,69,414 NATIONWIDE Fresh cases Recoveries Deaths DELHI Fresh cases Recoveries Deaths JULY 6 34,703 51,864 553 JULY 6 79 154 04 JULY 7 43,733 47,240 930 JULY 7 93 64 04 father Madhavrao Scindia had quit as civil aviation minister in 1992 after an aircraft crash. BJP’s national general secretary Bhupender Yadav, a key aide of Union home minister Amit Shah, and a protégé of late minister Arun Jaitely, joined the Cabinet. He will hold the environment and labour portfolios. Shah has been given the additional role of running the new ministry of cooperation. Bureaucrat-turned-politician Ashwani Vaishnaw from Odisha also entered the Cabinet. He had earned his spurs while working in Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s PMO. A dozen ministers from the Scheduled Castes were also drafted in, including A Narayanswamy (Karnataka), Kaushal Kishore (UP) and L Murugan (Tamil Nadu). With eight ministers hailing from the tribal community the BJP clearly sought to , work out its social engineering with the SCs, STs and Other Backward Castes (OBCs). NDA allies who took their oath included R C P Singh (JD-U) and Pashupati Paras (LJP), both Cabinet rank, and Anupriya Patel of Apna Dal as minister of state. With Gujarat elections due next year, Mandaviya and Puroshottam Rupala, both hailing from electorally significant Patidar community were promoted. , Kishen Reddy’s elevation was in line with the BJP’s political aspirations in Telangana. Adding combative faces, the PM drafted in Shobha Karandlaje (Karnataka) and Meenakshi Lekhi (Delhi), while Bengal was representP9 ed by four new faces. Mansukh Mandaviya Parshottam Rupala G Kishan Reddy Anurag Singh Thakur D V Sadananda Gowda Ravi Shankar Prasad Thaawarchand Gehlot Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ Dr Harsh Vardhan Prakash Javadekar Santosh Kumar Gangwar Babul Supriyo Dhotre Sanjay Shamrao Rattan Lal Kataria Pratap Chandra Sarangi Debasree Chaudhuri NEW MINISTERS OF STATE Pankaj Choudhary Anupriya Singh Patel Dr Satya Pal Singh Baghel Rajeev Chandrasekhar Shobha Karandlaje Bhanu Pratap Singh Verma Darshana Vikram Jardosh Meenakshi Lekhi Annpurna Devi A Narayanaswamy Kaushal Kishore Ajay Bhatt B L Verma Ajay Kumar Chauhan Devusinh Bhagwanth Khuba Kapil Moreshwar Patil Pratima Bhoumik Dr Subhas Sarkar Dr Bhagwat Kishanrao Karad Dr Rajkumar Ranjan Singh Dr Bharati Pravin Pawar Bishweswar Tudu Shantanu Thakur Dr Munjapara Mahendrabhai John Barla Dr L Murugan Nisith Pramanik SURPRISE CANDIDATE TO MINISTER, LEKHI’S EVENTFUL JOURNEY PA R V E Z S U LTA N @ New Delhi FROM being Supreme Court lawyer and social activist to a minister in Narendra Modi’s Cabinet, secondterm BJP MP Meenakshi Lekhi (54) has come a long way. She is the only elected representative from Delhi, who has been given a ministerial berth Forcing in the reshuffle on Wednesday . Rahul Her induction surprised a section of apology BJP leaders in the national capital, although her name was doing the round In 2019, Lehi with Parvesh Sahib Singh, West Delhi moved a MP Lekhi was first elected to Lok Sab. petition against Rahul ha in 2014. However, she was almost Gandhi for his denied a ticket in 2019 following strong opposition from a senior and influen‘chowkidar tial party leader from Delhi. The canchor hai’ jibe didature of former cricketer Gautam at PM Modi. Gandhi had to Gambhir was finalised from the New Delhi seat in place of her. However, acapologise. cording to Delhi BJP leaders, she managed to pull off a surprise entry . “A top functionary was approached. Gambhir was convinced to shift to East Delhi and sitting MP Maheish Girri had to be dropped. That is how she managed to secure the ticket. She must have got a place in the ministry under the women’s quota,” said a BJP leader, privy to organisational appointments in the past. Before 2014, Lekhi was a familiar face on TV as BJP’s spokesperson. In 2010, she was appointed national vice-president of BJP’s women’s wing. She is known for her case pertaining to permanent commissioning of women in the armed forces in Supreme Court. Elections, caste equations weigh heavy in rejig MANISH ANAND AND ANURAAG S I N G H @ New Delhi/Lucknow ELECTORAL imperatives as well as the BJP’s desire to shed its image as a primarily upper-caste party appeared to weigh heavy in Wednesday’s Cabinet reshuffle as Prime Minister Narendra Modi inducted several faces belonging to the Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribe and OBC communities. Given that non-Yadav OBC and non-Jatav Scheduled Castes had played a significant role in the BJP winning 312 of Uttar Pradesh’s 403 Assembly seats in 2017, Wednesday’s Cabinet expansion kept in mind the caste arithmetic of the state. The state also bagged the maximum number of berths with seven of its MPs taking the oath. Of them, six are either from OBCs or Scheduled Caste. Pankaj Chaudhary and Anupriya Patel belong to the Kurmi community, categorised as OBCs. B L Verma is a LodhRajput, also an OBC. Kaushal Kishore, an eloquent MP considered close to Union Home Minister Amit Shah, belongs to the OBC Pasi caste. The other two from backward communities are S P S Baghel and Bhanu Pratap Singh Verma. They belong to the SC and Kori OBC communities re- spectively. The only uppercaste member from UP is Ajay Kumar, a Brahmin. Similar social engineering has been attempted in the representation from Maharashtra. Of the four new ministers from the state, only Narayan Rane, a Maratha, belongs to the upper caste. Among the other three, Bhagwat Karad is a Wanjari OBC, Kapil Patil belongs to Agri OBC community and Bharti Pawar is from a Scheduled Tribe. From Madhya Pradesh, the party picked Virendra Kumar—a seven-term parliamentarian— who’s from the Khatik OBC community, which constitutes 15-16% of the state’s population. The humiliation in the West Bengal Assembly elections did not stop the party from inducting two ministers from the state, both from the backward communities. While John Barla is an ST from the tea community in north Bengal, Shantanu Thakur is a Matua, an OBC who are Hindu refugees from Bangladesh. In Gujarat, Patidar community members Puroshottam Rupala and Mansukh Mandavia were elevated to the Cabinet rank while Mahendrabhai Munjpara and Darshana Jardosh were made ministers of state. (With Sudhir Suryawanshi and Pranab Mondal) Petrol price crosses `100 mark in Delhi as commuters brace for tough times SHEKHAR YADAV G AYAT H R I M A N I @ New Delhi CLOSE on the heels of fuel prices rising in other cities, petrol set a record in the national capital by crossing the century mark on Wednesday . As per revised prices, a litre of petrol in Delhi will now cost `100.21 and diesel `89.53. According to a notification, petrol in Delhi got costlier by 35 paise per litre, while the price of diesel increased by 17 paise. Fuel prices have been hiked at least 35 times since May 14 and four times this month. This has prompted vehicle users and political parties to stage protests against the Central government. Anurag, president of Delhi Petrol Dealers Association (DPDA), said: “As dealers we are part of government. So we have to follow it. But this will have a massive impact on dealers. They will not benefit and will get the same comission amount as they were getting earlier. People have no choice. Cabs and other aggregators will also hike rates.” Anil Chikkara, a government official and transport expert, said: “In my opinion, it is a fundamental cost additive. For instance, if `10 is hiked in petrol prices, `20 will be hiked in other commodities commericially Fuel price . rise will not affect one sector, it will impact multiple sectors and affect the society also. National Student Union of India held a protest in front of the house of Union Minister Dharmendra Pradhan. Cities where petrol prices have crossed `100 are in MP, Andhra, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Karnataka and Maharashtra.
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