thursDAY chemistry Nobel prize goes to two women scientists 08 Potential to cure genetic disorders october, 2020 epaper.morningstandard.in facebook.com/TheMorningStandard twitter.com/TheMornStandard RAJASTHAN SACHIN PILOT’S AIDE BOOKED Cops book his media coordinator for putting out “false story” of phone tapping Page 8 Jennifer Doudna Emmanuelle Charpentier FIRST A CAPITAL VIEW OF NEWS l New Delhi l J8.00 time Chemistry Nobel has gone to a women-only team PAGES 12 l ■ The genome editing tool has contributed to many discoveries; in medicine, clinical trials of new cancer therapies are underway ■ It is also being tested for its potential to treat sickle cell anaemia ■ Critics say sans rules, Crispr could be used to create designer babies, open up an ethical minefield | P12 Andhra govt firm on Amaravati land scam probe, appeal finally listed in SC E x p r e s s N e w s Se r v i c e @ New Delhi the Andhra Pradesh government is unlikely to budge an inch from its decision to probe alleged irregularities committed by the Chandrababu Naidu regime in the execution of the Amaravati greenfield capital city project despite legal hurdles in the high court, delays in the Supreme Court and stiff opposition from the TDP. It is learnt the government’s standing counsel in New Delhi has written to the SecretaryGeneral of the Supreme Court, drawing his attention to the delay in listing the special leave petition filed on September 22 against the high court stay on Government Orders pertaining to the constitution of a Cabinet Sub-Committee and a special investigation team to review decisions taken by the previous TDP regime and probe the alleged Amaravati land scam, respectively . In the missive, he explained all defects in the plea had been rectified but it was yet to be numbered despite repeated follow up. “The matter is of significant importance to the State as it relates to investigation into the conduct of highranking officials,” he said, requesting the Secretary Movie halls to reopen from Oct 15 with half occupancy E x p r e s s N e w s Se r v i c e @ New Delhi / Bengaluru E x p r e ss N e ws Se r v i c e @ New Delhi Protests at Shaheen Bagh had turned the area in South Delhi district off limits for vehicular traffic for a few months Blocking road in protest is a right but not indefinitely: SC Administration should also keep public spaces free from all obstructions and not wait for court order, says top court E x p r e s s N e w s Se r v i c e @ New Delhi The Supreme Court on Wednesday ruled that public places cannot be occupied indefinitely for protests, which must be carried out in designated areas alone. A bench headed by Justice S K Kaul said, “Democracy and dissent go hand in hand, but then the demonstrations expressing dissent have to be in designated places alone. The present case was not even one of protests taking place in an undesignated area, but was a blockage of a public way which caused grave inconvenience to commuters.” The order was passed on batch of petitions against the anti-Citizenship Amendment Act protests in Delhi’s Shaheen Bagh. “While appreciating the existence of the right to peaceful protest against a legislation (keeping in mind the words of Pulitzer Prize winner, Walter Lippmann, who said “In a democracy, the opposition is not only tolerated as constitutional, but must be maintained because it is indispensable”), we have to make it unequivocally clear that public ways and public spaces cannot be occupied in such a manner and that too indefinitely,” the bench ruled. officials also face Flak In what manner the administration should act is their responsibility, the SC said. Officials should not hide behind the court orders or seek support therefrom for carrying out administrative functions, it added Democracy and dissent go hand in hand, but then the demonstrations expressing dissent have to be in designated places alone. The present case was not even one of protests taking place in an undesignated area, but was a blockage of a public way which caused grave inconvenience... Supreme Court “Administration ought to take action to keep the area clear of encroachments and obstructions,” the bench said, while calling their inability to resolve the protest as unfortunate. It noted the court was forced to intervene because there was no action by the administration. The bench also highlighted how social media can lead to a highly polarising environment, as in Shaheen Bagh. “We live in an age of technology and development and social media often sees parallel conversations with no constructive outcome,” it said. Technology, however, in a near paradoxical manner, works to both empower digitally fuelled ovements’ and at the same time, contributes to ‘their apparent weaknesses’, it said. “The ability to scale up quickly for example, using dig, ital infrastructure has empowered movements to embrace their oftenleaderless aspirations and evade usual restrictions of censorship; however, the flip side to this is that social media channels are often fraught with danger and can lead to the creation of highly polarised environments, which often see parallel conversations running with no constructive outcome evident,” the SC said. P5 e x p r e ss r e a d ‘Gold smuggling accused met Kerala CM six times’ The ED on Wednesday filed a charge sheet in a PMLA court in Ernakulam in its probe into the money trail in the gold smuggling case. In its charge sheet, the ED quoted prime accused Swapna Suresh as saying that she met Kerala CM Pinarayi Vijayan on six occasions in the presence of IAS officer M Sivasankar and that the CM knew about her appointment in the Space Park. today’s IPL match hyderabad vs punjab KXIP have played good cricket, but have not been able to close matches and are bottom of the table. Can SRH, who are not clicking as a unit, get back to winning ways against Punjab? Odds : srh 9/10 | kxip 11/1o Live: Star Sports1/Hotstar @ 7.30PM to be reviewed, the present dispensation ought to have legislative approval. A government on its own cannot do so and no law has conferred such powers on the State government.” The state government filed another SLP in the apex court on September 21 against another high court order that gagged the media from reporting on an FIR filed by the AntiCorruption Bureau against Dammalapati Srinivas, former Advocate General, and 12 others including the family members of a Supreme Court judge, in the Amaravati land scam. The high court had also stayed further probe in the matter. Fresh blow to Indians as Trump tightens H-1B rules PANDEMIC TIMES After almost six months, movie halls and theatres in the capital have been allowed to reopen from October 15 with 50 per cent seating capacity . The decision was taken at the Delhi Disaster Management Au t h o r i t y m e e t i n g h e l d Wednesday . The order issued by Delhi Chief Secretary Vijay Dev said that cinemas, including multiplexes, and theatres would be permitted to reopen as per the guidelines and SOP issued by Union I&B Ministry . The Authority has also removed restrictions from the weekly markets, where business activities can be carried out as per the guidelines and SOP for prevention of coronavirus spread. However, no markets will reopen in the containment zones. A joint team of district magistrate, deputy commissioner of police and deputy commissioner of the municipal corporation will select markets in consultation with area resident welfare associations. CM Arvind Kerjiwal said cinemas, theatres and weekly markets would have to follow all the guidelines issued by the Central government for resumption of business activities. “Now all the weekly markets of Delhi will be opened. Till now only 2 markets per zone were allowed. The poor people will get a lot of relief from this.” The markets may be relocated to another nearby location— ground or school ground temporarily if it is unable to function due to traffic restrictions in place. “If it is found in any market that vendors or customers are not following the instructions prescribed in SOP , such market shall be closed forthwith,” said the order. Gautam Dutta, CEO of PVR Cinemas, pledged to abide by the government’s guidelines and follow the global standards of health and sanitisation. General’s intervention. The SLP in question was filed consequent to the high court’s stay order issued on September 16 on a writ petition filed by TDP leader Varla Ramaiah. The high court order had dismayed the government for it had ruled that “If previous government’s decisions were With an eye on next month’s elections, US President Donald Trump on Wednesday announced tightening of non-immigrant visa rules to benefit American workers. The move is expected to impact thousands of IT professionals from India, which is one of the largest beneficiaries of H-1B visas. Already, a large number of Indians on H-1B visas have lost their jobs owing to the coronavirus pandemic that has severely hit the US economy . H-1B is a non-immigrant visa that allows US firms to employ foreign workers in speciality occupations that require expertise. The new rules narrow the definition of ‘specialty occupation’, making it difficult for companies and workers to avail the H1-B visa. Companies will also have to file additional documentation to prove that they genuinely need H-1B workers. The new rules will make it more expensive for US companies to bring in foreign workers under the H-1B visa programme as the minimum wage under H-1B is set to change. With confusion prevailing over whether the new rules will apply to only new visas or to existing visa holders as well, the US Department of Homeland Security will release detailed guidelines next week. “With the US polls barely a month away, this is another ploy by Trump to show his electorate that he is fulfilling his poll promises. The timing of this rule should be taken very seriously,” said a former diplomat. DEL H I status of cases Recovered Death Active cases Positive cases 2,70,305 5,616 22,186 2,98,107 (covid-19) Patient Management Hospital Care centre Health centre Total beds Occupied Vacant 15,830 8,137 527 5,387 974 263 Home Isolation : 12,691 Shady 76 LAWMAKERS not so clean What are the proposed changes? According to the new changes, H1-B visas will only be approved for qualified beneficiaries and petitioners. For this, a new rule has been formulated which will significantly narrow down the definition of a ‘specialty occupation’. Another change that has been proposed is the more paperwork for companies as allegations of ‘paper H1-B visas’ have been on the rise to evade taxes. The final change in rule concerns enforcement of the new norms with the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) saying that it will conduct inspections of workplaces and monitor compliance. How will they affect Indian H-1B visa holders? The US issues 85,000 H-1B work permits annually . Indians get a majority of the H-1B work permits issued each year. With the specialty occupation clause being narrowed down, the number of visas issued would drop considerably . Would the old visa rules be applicable for existing H1-B holders? The rules have not yet been elaborated by the Department of Homeland Security. Once they are announced, it would be clear if they apply to only new visas or on existing ones too. The DHS is likely to announce the rules sometime next week. Till then, the visa relaxations announced by US President Donald Trump in August will be in place. CO V ID W A T C H Testing Status Today Cumulative 3,370 35 -- 2,871 ALL YOUR QUERIES About Visa MOVE 10,443 6,221* 264 9,059 42,446 RTPCR/CBNAAT/ True Nat tests conducted today Total tests done so far Tests per million Led by a school dropout couple, hundreds of young tribals i n v i l l a g e s o f M a d hy a Pradesh’s Jhabua district are engaged in a mission to stop migration by training others in the commercially viable bamboo art. This is not just helping them earn livelihood but has also helped check the migration of local population to Gujarat and Rajasthan. For last two years, the tribals led by the couple, Krishna and Lata Ninama, have been creating innovative products out of bamboo — which grows abundantly in Jhabua — and training others, too. They have set a target of stopping the migration of 20,000 tribal families by 2030. The training, which began Youths shape bamboo to make it suitable for holding paraffin for making the unique diyas at a workshop | EXPRESS A team of 60 trained tribals, including 40 at the Bamboo Training Centre in Meghnagar town and 20 in villages, are racing against time to complete the orders before Diwali — Krishna Ninama, entrepreneur 2,702 n Total number of calls dispatched to ambulances: 1314 34,22,473 1,80,130 n Total number of calls refused : NILL *942 beds of CCC are occupied by persons under quarantine including travellers who came by Vande Bharat Mission and bubble flights Source: Delhi health bulletin | Data for October 07 Of the 76 lawmakers facing cases of crime against women, three MPs and six MLAs face rape charges. Bengal tops the list | P7 Accident near Lajpat flyover kills duo in car Express News Service @ New Delhi MP tribals using bamboo to light up lives in Jhabua as part of a larger tribal selfreliance and community movement led by the NGO Shivganga Samgra Gramvikas Parishad in 2014 with just 25-50 young men and women, now has the participation of 900plus tribals from 25 villages who are crafting innovative products and marketing them through their digital platform, www.jhabuacafts.com. With Diwali just a month away, the tribals’ latest offering are reusable bamboo diyas – a set of six small diyas priced at `350 and a set of three medium size diyas priced at `450. “We’ve received orders worth around `1 lakh. A team of 60 trained tribals, including 40 at the Bamboo Training Centre in Meghnagar town and 20 in villages, are racing against time to complete the Containment zones as on date Rapid antigen test conducted in city E M PO W E R M E N T E XPR E SS N E WS S E RVIC E @ Bhopal n Calls received in control room: 439 orders before Diwali. Already 10% of the orders are complete,” Krishna Ninama said. “The reusable bamboo diyas can be easily used for at least five years,” said Lata. According to Krishna, it all started in 2014, when a group of poor tribals associated with the NGO went to Sampoorna Bamboo Kendra in Lawada village of Maharashtra’s Amravati district and got trained in bamboo art. What they learnt there, they sought to teach others. “Since then, not only have 900-plus tribals been trained in fashioning innovative products, including mobile phone speakers and amplifiers, lamps, furniture and even bamboo rakhis, but we’ve also managed to wean them away from migrating for work,” said Krishna. Two persons were crushed to death near Lajpat Nagar flyover after a loaded container being carried by a truck fell on their car at 3.50 am on Wednesday . The driver fled the scene after the accident. The victims, Ankit Malhotra and Ranjan Kalra were on the way to airport from their Lajpat Nagar home. The truck overturned and the rice container fell on their car. “The accident took place at T-Point under the flyover on Ring Road.The car with two persons inside was badly crushed. Two private big hydra cranes, 1 JCB and two small cranes from traffic unit were called to remove the container. Ambulances, fire brigade and crime team was also called on the spot,” said RL Meena, DCP, SouthEast. It took the police more than an hour to remove the vehicle and take out the occupants of the car. CONTINUED ON P5
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